Harvard referencing

Book Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title. Edition (if not first edition). Place of publication: Publisher.

Adams, A.D. 1906. Electric transmission of water power. New York: McGraw.

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Kane, M. and Trochim, W. 2007. Concept mapping for planning and evaluation. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.


Chapter in edited book If you are referencing a book with chapters written by different authors, you need to give details of the chapter, and the book in which you read it:

Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Chapter title. In: Family name, INITIAL(S) (of editor). ed(s). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, page numbers.

Coffin, J.M. 1999. Molecular biology of HIV. In: Crandell, K.A. ed. The evolution of HIV. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, pp.3-40.


Journal article (print) Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title. Volume(issue number), page numbers.

Pajunen, K. 2008. Institutions and inflows of foreign direct investment: a fuzzy-set analysis. Journal of International Business Studies. 39(4), pp.652-669.

N.B. Use p. to reference a single page, and pp. if it is a range of pages.


Journal article (online) Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title. [Online]. Volume(issue number), page numbers. [Date accessed], Available from: URL.

El Gharras, H. 2009. Polyphenols: food sources, properties and applications – a review. International Journal of Food Science & Technology. [Online]. 44(12), pp.2512-2518. [Accessed 10 June 2013]. Available from:


Website or webpage

Family name, INITIAL(S) (or company name). Year. Title. [Online]. [Date accessed]. Available from: URL

Hawking, S. 2000. Professor Stephen Hawking’s website. [Online]. [Accessed 9 February 2009]. Available from:

Environment Agency. 2013. River and coastal maintenance programmes 2013-14. [Online]. [Accessed 12 July 2013]. Available from:


N.B. If the source has multiple authors, you should include all of the authors in the reference.

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