Accounting for business decisions

1. You need to form a group a maximum of 3 (three) students. Every group is assigned to
choose 2 (two) Australian mining listed companies (BHP Billiton and Santos). Access their
annual reports from 2013 and 2014 and download the full reports.
2. Review 2013 and 2014 financial statements
Look at:
2 year summary
Group/consolidated income statement
Group/consolidated balance sheet
Group/consolidated cash flow statement
Notes to the Group Financial Statements where necessary
Provide a report of not more than 1,500 words.
1. Look at the Financial Review / 2 year summary. Profile an analysis of the
performance of each company from their 2 year summaries. Assess the operations
of each company by: (1) asset growth; (2) sales turnover growth; (3) profit growth;
(4) product range; (4) sustainability of the business, etc. etc.
(10 Marks)
2. Compare the performance (income statement) (10 marks), balance sheet (10
marks), and cash flows (10 marks) of both companies:
a. Try to avoid analysing the absolute amount as it needs to be in relative values;
b. If it gets higher or lower, you need to explain what does it mean and what are
the consequences of the figures.
(30 marks)
3. Conduct a ratio analysis to assess their profitability, efficiency, liquidity and financial
i. Are the companies profitable (do you think each company is generating
healthy returns)? (10 marks)
ii. How well are the two companies managing their resources (are they efficient
in managing their assets)? (10 marks)
iii. Can they meet their short term debts and stay in operation in the short term?
(10 marks)
iv. Can they meet their long term debts and stay in operation in the long term,
i.e. their long term financial stability? (10 marks)
(40 marks)
4. Produce an overall summary of your analysis. If you were an investor would you be
happy with the performance of each company? Why? Why not? If you could only
invest $1,000 in one of these two companies which one would you invest in, and
(10 marks)
5. Professional presentation of your assignment in a clear readable format with
appropriate referencing
(10 marks)

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